The Act is a response to fears from outside the industry that drone technology may “enable invasive and pervasive surveillance,” according to the Act’s text. Among other requirements, the Act calls for the submission of detailed data collection and minimization statements as well as the creation of a publicly searchable database identifying commercial operators and including those statements.
Lisa Ellman, co-executive director of the Commercial Drone Alliance, says that it may be too early for lawmakers to address the issue reasonably. “Part 107 only just broadly authorized commercial drone operation in August of last year,” Ellman tells DRONELIFE. “We are still in the infancy of this new and exciting industry; it’s not clear at all right now that new privacy rules are necessary, especially where they are duplicative of technology-neutral rules that already exist.”
In a detailed statement of opposition to the Act, the Alliance says that applying laws specifically to drones is the wrong approach: “The Drone Aircraft Privacy and Transparency Act would create an additional layer of regulation that departs significantly from our existing technology-neutral standards,” states the Alliance. “Instead, we should apply our existing laws to protect the public, which courts have done for similar advances in photography-related technologies for decades.”
In addition, the Commercial Drone Alliance expressed concern that the legislation will create “significant operational barriers and competition issues for even basic UAS flights.”
“The legislation requires operators to make publicly available, via the Federal Aviation Administration, listings of their future operations, such as where, when, and for what purpose the drone is flying,” said Michael Latiner, chief strategy officer, Uplift Data Partners. “This requirement removes the discretion of the operator on the ground to determine the safest and most efficient flight paths, and will be incredibly onerous for operators of all sizes.”
“The legislation also requires the disclosure of the technical capabilities of the drone and the types of cameras and payloads an operator is using,” says the Alliance statement. “If enacted, the bill would thus require the release of sensitive business information regardless of whether a UAS flight creates any privacy concern. ”
“The integration of drones into our National Airspace will save countless lives and have a significant economic impact here in the United States,” said Gretchen West, Co-executive Director, Commercial Drone Alliance. “Adding more regulations or special permissions to operate drones would further stifle the benefits of their use and may lead companies to shift business overseas.”
“To the extent the bill’s authors would like to see new drone privacy standards, an immediate option would be to support the voluntary best practices,” said Lisa Ellman, referring to the best practices documents published last May. “These were agreed to by many members of industry and civil society last year as part of the National Telecommunications and Information Agency’s (NTIA) multi-stakeholder process on UAS privacy, transparency, and accountability.”
The Alliance also points out that the requirements could have the unintended consequence of jeopardizing First Amendment rights: “By potentially requiring journalists to provide prior notice of the specific locations where UAS will be deployed, the bill creates a set of requirements that jeopardize journalists’ First Amendment rights. As one court has said, “On the public street, or in any other public place, the plaintiff has no right to be alone; and it is no invasion…to take his photograph in such a place, since this amounts to nothing more than making a record…of a public sight which anyone would be free to see.” Mark v. Seattle Times, 96 Wash. 2d 473, 497 (1981),” says the statement. “Even though the bill creates some protections for First Amendment activities, where the bill’s protections extend is unclear, creating significant uncertainty for journalists that will curtail legitimate First Amendment activities.”
The Commercial Drone Alliance is an independent 501c6 non-profit led by the commercial drone industry.